Cookies are small pieces of text (letters and/or numbers) that allow the web server to store on the client (browser) some information that will be used again during the same web session (session cookies) or after, even some days later (persistent cookies). According to the user preferences, cookies are stored by the browser on the specific device in use (computer, tablet, smartphone).
Similar technologies, such as web beacon, clear GIF and every kind of local storage introduced by HTML5, are used to collect information about the user behaviour and their use of the services.
Here below we will refer to cookies and all other similar technologies using the term “cookies”.
Types of cookies
- Strictly necessary cookies. Strictly necessary cookies are essential for the proper work of the website and they are used to manage the registration and the access to secure functions of the website.
- Analysis and Performance cookies. These cookies are used to collect and analyse the traffic and the use of the website in an anonymous way. Without identifying the user, these cookies, allow, for example, to understand if one user logs in in different moments. In addition, they allow to monitor the system and enhance its performance and usability. You can turn cookies off without losing any functionality.
- Profiling cookies. These permanent cookies are used to identify (in an anonimous way or not) the user preferences and improve, in this way, the user experience. This website does not use this kind of cookies.
Visiting a website you can receive both cookies from the website (first-party cookies) and from websites managed by other organisations (third-party cookies). A crucial example is the presence of “social plug-in” for Facebook, Twitter, Google+ and LinkedIn. They are parts of the page you visit that are directly generated by the websites and integrated in the page of the hosting website. The most common use of social plug-in is aimed at sharing content on the social networks.
The presence of these plug-in causes the transmission of cookies from and to all the websites managed by third parties. The management of the information gathered by “third parties” is regulated by the related policies to which we suggest referring to. In order to guarantee more transparency and a better use, here below you will find the links to the different policies and how to manage cookies.
The website also includes some components that are transmitted by Google Analytics, a Google (Google, Inc.) service of analysis of the website traffic. This is another case of third-party cookies, which are collected and managed in an anonymous way to monitor and improve the performance of the hosting website (performance cookies).
Google Analytics uses the cookies to collect and analyse, in an anonymous way, the information about the use of the website (including the IP address of the user). Such information is gathered by Google Analytics and then elaborated in order to draw up a report for the website administrator related to the activity on the website. This website does not use (and does not allow third parties to use) the Google analytical tool to monitor or gather personal information. Google does not either associate the IP address to any other data it possesses or match an IP address with the identity of a user. Google can communicate this information to third parties when it is stated by the law or when third parties are in charge of elaborating such information on behalf of Google.
For any further information, see the following link: https://www.google.it/policies/privacy/partners/
The user can delete in a selective way the activity of Google Analytics by installing on their browser the opt-out component provided by Google. To turn the Google Analytics activity off, see more on this link: https://tools.google.com/dlpage/gaoptout
Some cookies (session cookies) are active just until the browser is closed or until you log out. Other cookies “survive” to the closing of the browser and they are available also for further visits.
These cookies are called persistent and their duration is fixed by the server when they are created. In some cases there is an expiry date, in others the duration is unlimited.
How to manage cookies
The user can decide whether to accept or not the cookies by using the settings of their browser.
Pay attention: Partially or completely deleting the technical cookies can compromise the use of some website functionalities dedicated to registered users. On the contrary, you can use public content even if you completely deactivate the cookies.
Turning third-party cookies off does not compromise the navigation of the website.
The setting can be defined in a specific way for different websites and web apps. In addition, the best browsers allow the user to define different settings for “first-party cookies” and for “third-party cookies”.
For example, on Firefox, through the menu Tools-> Options->Privacy, you will be directed to a control panel where it is possible to accept or not the different kinds of cookies and delete them.